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29 October 2009, 15:03

Ubuntu 9.10, Karmic Koala, released

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Canonical, and the Ubuntu developers, have released the final version of Ubuntu 9.10, named "Karmic Koala". As The H has previously reported, Ubuntu 9.10 offers a new, more presentable boot screen and a standard default desktop theme in very dark brown.

By default, the system uses the Ext4 file system, the GNOME 2.28 desktop environment and the GRUB 2 boot manager. Kernel version 2.6.31 offers kernel-based mode setting, which allows the use of recent Intel graphics drivers – and should make the graphics issues in Ubuntu 9.04 a thing of the past. DeviceKit and udev have replaced HAL as the system's hardware interface. The boot system has largely been transitioned to Upstart. The AppArmor security extension offers protective profiles for a range of applications.

On the desktop, replacing "Add/Remove" on the Ubuntu application menu there is the new Ubuntu Software Center, designed to simplify adding applications with a friendlier interface to package management. Ubuntu One, the Cloud backup and sharing system, is also included which installs CouchDB in the background to synchronise local data with a server on the network. Empathy has replaced Pidgin as the default instant messaging client.

For servers, Ubuntu 9.10 has versions that are designed to run on the Ubuntu Enterprise Cloud (UEC) or on Amazon's EC2 cloud. UEC is based on Eucalyptus, an API compatible, open source implementation, of Amazon's EC2 cloud system.

As usual the various desktop/laptop, server edition and netbook remix versions are available to download from and for those that prefer the KDE desktop there is Kubuntu 9.10.

The H will publish a detailed feature taking a look at Ubuntu 9.10 soon.

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