Variant Label Resource Record
Author(s): Yoshiro Yoneya
Definition and operation of variant domain names are differ from zone administrators, and there is no generic rules, therefore, in general, it is hard to guess variant labels for end users and / or applications. Meanwhile, zone administrators...
Network Working Group Y. Yoneya Internet-Draft JPRS Intended status: Standards Track February 25, 2013 Expires: August 29, 2013 Variant Label Resource Record draft-yoneya-dns-variant-label-rr-01 Abstract Definition and operation of variant domain names are differ from zone administrators, and there is no generic rules, therefore, in general, it is hard to guess variant labels for end users and / or applications. Meanwhile, zone administrators are understanding all variant labels list because they generate variant labels and activate them according to rules they defined. Thus, if there is a mechanism that end users and / or applications can obtain variant labels list from zone administrators, then it would be useful. The Variant Labels Resource Record (VL RR) provides such variant labels list for that purpose. Status of this Memo This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet- Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/. Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." This Internet-Draft will expire on August 29, 2013. Copyright Notice Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved. This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents Yoneya Expires August 29, 2013 [Page 1] Internet-Draft VL RR February 2013 carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License. 1. Introduction Some of the zone administrators such as TLD registries that accepting IDNs are bundling variants as a package. Also, in conjunction with the deployment of IDN TLDs, consideration of Variant IDN TLD is in progress. It is hard to guess variant labels list from short string that does not have context like domain name, because definition of variants are differ from languages even though using the same script. The zone administrators such as registries have complete list of variant labels for a label, so if they have mechanism to provide the list, end users and / or applications can obtain variant labels list without guessing. The Variant Labels Resource Record (VL RR) is a new DNS RR that provides variant labels for a label. 2. Definition of VL RR VL RR format is as follows: variant1 TTL IN VL priority1 variant1. priority2 variant2. priority3 variant3. Here, the variant1 is a left most label in a query name, the variant1, variant2 and the variant3 are the list of activated (delegated) variant labels for the variant1. Variant label which is not activated must not be listed. The values of right hand side can be listed multiple times as RRset like other RRs. Period at the end can't be omitted. If the variant label is IDN, then it must be written in A-label [RFC5890]. The priority1, priority2 and priority3 are the integer numbers which indicate priorities for the variant1, variant2 and variant3 respectively. The smallest number means that the variant label is the canonical label. All variant labels must be defined inside of one zone, and they can't refer labels outside of the zone. See Appendix A for examples. The VL RR can't set to the zone apex in child zone. This means that VL RR for zone apex must be set in parent zone. Yoneya Expires August 29, 2013 [Page 2] Internet-Draft VL RR February 2013 3. Behaviour of full resolvers The full resolvers send VL RR query to the authoritative DNS server(s) for the FQDN which is generated from the query name omitting left most label (parent zone authoritative DNS server(s)) and get response. The full resolvers may cache the response during the TTL time. 4. Behaviour of authoritative DNS servers The authoritative DNS servers must ignore VL RR which is set to the zone apex in child zone. The authoritative DNS servers respond NXDOMAIN for queries to non-existent label. The authoritative DNS servers respond VL RRset for queries to existing label if it has VL RRs, or respond NOERROR for queries to existing label if it does not have VL RRs. The full resolvers which is not VL RR capable can't send queries to the parent zone's authoritative DNS server(s), therefore, it can't obtain VL RR for the zone apex actively. Thus, parent zone's authoritative DNS server(s) should respond VL RRset in additional section when it respond NS RRset. 5. Behaviour of applications The applications treat a label with most small number priority as a canonical label from list of variant labels obtained by the query. Other labels may be displayed to the users as list of variant labels. 6. Issues of VL RR The VL RR increases volume of large zone such as TLD registries have. This will impact zone generation and / or zone transfer time. Deployment of VL RR capable applications will increases queries to Root zone or TLD zones. This will impact Root / TLD authoritative servers in performance and / or bandwidth. The zone administrators who will introduce VL RR are recommended to have enough assessment previously with recognition above. 7. IANA Considerations IANA is required to assign VL RR type and number. Yoneya Expires August 29, 2013 [Page 3] Internet-Draft VL RR February 2013 8. Security Considerations Because the VL RR can set many variant labels, it can be a source of DNS amplifier attack. The zone administrators can avoid this issue by suppressing number of activating variant labels appropriately. 9. Normative references [RFC5890] Klensin, J., "Internationalized Domain Names for Applications (IDNA): Definitions and Document Framework", RFC5890, August 2010. Appendix A. Examples A word "International Academy" in Simplified Chinese consists from 4 Hanji characters and each character has a few variants. Following codepoint (U+XXXX means Unicode codepoint XXXX) list shows canonical Simplified Chinese Hanji character and its variants. U+56FD U+570B U+56EF U+5700 U+9645 U+969B U+5B66 U+5B78 U+6588 U+4F1A U+6703 In this example, the word "International Academy" produces 48 variant labels, but mixture of Simplified and Traditional Hanji in a label is unrealistic, so the zone administrator will reduce activated variant labels into two (all Simplified and all Traditional). Thus, VL RR definition for this example becomes as follows: xn--6oq05q1ydn21f IN VL 0 xn--6oq05q1ydn21f. IN VL 10 xn--9csw6hk7lo31c. xn--9csw6hk7lo31c IN VL 0 xn--6oq05q1ydn21f. IN VL 10 xn--9csw6hk7lo31c. Note that no other (not activated) variant labels appear in the zone. Appendix B. Change Log Yoneya Expires August 29, 2013 [Page 4] Internet-Draft VL RR February 2013 B.1. Changes since -00 o Some editorial collections. o Explicitly described that VL RR must be set to activated labels. o Add Appendix A for examples. Author's Address Yoshiro Yoneya JPRS Chiyoda First Bldg. East 13F 3-8-1 Nishi-Kanda Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0065 Japan Phone: +81 3 5215 8451 Email: email@example.com Yoneya Expires August 29, 2013 [Page 5]