A URN Namespace For The ucode
Author(s): Chiaki Ishikawa
This document describes a URN (Uniform Resource Name) namespace for ucode, an identifier system for objects and places. The ucode technology is used in many applications, and this document provides a URN namespace for ucode to enable its...
INTERNET-DRAFT Chiaki Ishikawa urn (YRP UNL) Intended Status: Informational Expires: August 20, 2012 February 17, 2012 A URN Namespace For The ucode draft-ishikawa-yrpunl-ucode-urn-03 Abstract This document describes a URN (Uniform Resource Name) namespace for ucode, an identifier system for objects and places. The ucode technology is used in many applications, and this document provides a URN namespace for ucode to enable its use in Internet-related devices and software. Status of this Memo This Internet-Draft is submitted to IETF in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at http://www.ietf.org/1id-abstracts.html The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html Copyright and License Notice Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved. This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents Chiaki Ishikawa Expires August 20, 2012 [Page 1] INTERNET DRAFT URN Namespace For The ucode February 17, 2012 (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License. Chiaki Ishikawa Expires August 20, 2012 [Page 2] INTERNET DRAFT URN Namespace For The ucode February 17, 2012 1 Introduction ucode [UCODE] is an identifier to be stored in many types of tags (not limited to RFID tags). Its allocation and management is handled by Ubiquitous ID center [UIDC]. The embedding of ucode in many type of tags (RFID tags, optical code, infrared markers, and even sound source) is also specified by Ubiquitous ID center. Basic length of ucode is 128 bits, but it is extensible in units of 128 bits if necessary. ucode has been devised to identify objects and places where existing standard doesn't fit the application needs or the scope of the applications, or the allocation policy of existing standard is too limited for small users or individual users. Applications that use ucode take advantage of the Internet extensively. Use of ucode is open to anybody. Those who wish to have ucode allocated can do so either by having ucode subspace allocated to them directly from Ubiquitous ID center or obtain tags that have pre-stored ucode in them. Tags which can store ucode are certified as ucode tags, and their reader specification is published so that there will be many readers available for such tags. By having URN (uniform resource name) for ucode, we can facilitate the use of ucode in many Internet-related devices and software for the benefit of existing and future users of ucode and people who will access such tags attached to objects and places. Since the application based on ucode can run across organizational boundaries, and spread across regions and countries, we request a formal URN NID assignment for 'ucode'. 2 'ucode' Registration Template Namespace ID: 'ucode' requested Registration Information: Registration Version Number: 1 Registration Date: 2011-12-21 Chiaki Ishikawa Expires August 20, 2012 [Page 3] INTERNET DRAFT URN Namespace For The ucode February 17, 2012 Declared registrant of the namespace: T-Engine Forum 2-20-1, Nishi-Gotanda Shinagawa, Tokyo, 141-0031, JAPAN email@example.com Tel: +81-3-5437-0572 Declaration of syntactic structure: The structure of the name space for 'ucode' using the hexadecimal representation of identifier is as follows using ABNF [RFC5234]. UCODE-URN = "urn:ucode:" ucode-name ucode-name = "_" ucode-number ucode-number = 1*ucode-value ucode-value = 32HEXDIG HEXDIG = DIGIT / "A" / "B" / "C" / "D" / "E" / "F" DIGIT = %x30-39 ; 0-9 NOTE 1: "1*" at the start of ucode-number definition is not a typo. Although the currently used ucode [UCODE] is 128-bits (16 octets), thus requiring 32 hexadecimal characters to represent serially, ucode is designed to be extensible in increment of 128 bits. So in the distant future, we may need to repeat the chunks of 128 bits. This is why "1*" precedes ucode-value. NOTE 2: ucode-name start with a "_". The reason is as follows. This ucode-name is also intended to be used as an identifier as a tag for XML [W3CXML]. An XML tag can't start with a digit. We insert "_" at the beginning to make sure ucode-name starts with a non-digit, i.e.,"_" since ucode-number can start with a decimal digit. An example The 128-bit ucode value, 0123456789ABCDEF0123456789ABCDEF, expressed in a series of hexadecimal digits, is expressed as follows: urn:ucode:_0123456789ABCDEF0123456789ABCDEF Relevant ancillary documentation: ucode, the identifier expressed by ucode-number, is managed by Ubiquitous ID Center [UIDC], which is a sub-organization of T-Engine Forum [TEF]. "Ubiquitous Code: ucode" [UCODE] defines this identifier system. Chiaki Ishikawa Expires August 20, 2012 [Page 4] INTERNET DRAFT URN Namespace For The ucode February 17, 2012 Identifier uniqueness considerations 'ucode' namespace is managed by Ubiquitous ID Center. Ubiquitous ID Center assigns the identifier, ucode, in such a way that the uniqueness of 'ucode' name space will be maintained. Identifier persistence considerations: The assignment process guarantees that names are not reassigned and that the binding between the name and its resource is permanent, regardless of any standards or organizational changes or the assignment period. Process of identifier assignment: Names are assigned by Ubiquitous ID Center and by any entities that are sub-delegated by Ubiquitous ID Center. This assignment process is based on "ucode Management Implementing Procedures" [UCDMIP] established by Ubiquitous ID Center. Process of identifier resolution The process of identifier resolution is currently based on "ucode Resolution Protocol" [UCSURP]. It will be enhanced by using newer Recommendations from ITU-T and/or standards from ISO. Rules for lexical equivalence: The entire UCODE-URN is case-sensitive. Conformance with URN syntax: There are no special reserved characters. The URN of this namespace conform to RFC 2141 [RFC 2141] and RFC3986 [RFC3986]. Validation mechanism: No special consideration. Scope: Global. 3 IANA considerations This document includes one URN Namespace registration request for 'ucode' to be entered into the IANA registry for URN NIDs. Chiaki Ishikawa Expires August 20, 2012 [Page 5] INTERNET DRAFT URN Namespace For The ucode February 17, 2012 4 Namespace considerations ucode, the identifier expressed by ucode-number, is a unique identification number to identify a tangible object or a place. Additionally, ucode can be assigned to "content" or "information" that does not exist in the real world, and a "concept" that is yet more abstract. ucode has been devised to identify objects and places where existing standard doesn't fit the application needs or the scope of the applications, or the allocation policy of existing standard is too limited for SMEs (Small to Medium Enterprises), small scale research laboratories at academic institutions, or individual users. ucode is only an identification number, and its value (or its sub bit-fields) does not contain any pre-assigned meaning. Any relevant information about the object or place to which a ucode is assigned is stored in a data server that can be reached after a "resolution process" [UCSURP]. This resolution process usually occurs over the Internet. ucode can be assigned to an object to be identified regardless of the type of application. ucode is expected to be stored in any kind of tags (2D optical code, RFID, and other form of tags) and it provides a framework where anyone can obtain unique numbers for identification purposes. ucode has been designed to provide the services outlined in ITU-T recommendation, "Service description and requirements for multimedia information access triggered by tag-based identification" [ITU-T- F771] and to operate in the framework of "Architecture of a system for multimedia information access triggered by tag-based identification" [ITU-T-H621]. ucode architecture is general enough to cover many applications for the users. 5 Community Considerations This namespace enables ucode to be stored in tags that can store URN, and ucode related information to be described as metadata. This allows exchange of descriptions regarding objects and places among multiple organizations. We expect many small-scale providers who will offer ucode tags to small users as well as large scale providers who will hand out more than millions of tags to users. Chiaki Ishikawa Expires August 20, 2012 [Page 6] INTERNET DRAFT URN Namespace For The ucode February 17, 2012 The resolution servers and applications will be available to general users with appropriate access control over the Internet. The published specification for resolver and access services for 'ucode' allows the creation of client software for the many types of computers including small mobile terminals and ever popular smartphones. 6 Security Considerations There are no additional security considerations other than those normally associated with the use and resolution of URNs in general. 7 References 7.1 Normative References [UCODE] T-Engine Forum, Ubiquitous ID Center. "ucode: Ubiquitous Code", UID-00010, http://www.uidcenter.org/wp- content/themes/wp.vicuna/pdf/UID-00010-01.A0.10_en.pdf [UCDMIP] T-Engine Forum, Ubiquitous ID Center. "ucode Management Implementing Procedures", UID-00034, http://www.uidcenter.org/wp- content/themes/wp.vicuna/pdf/UID-CO00034-01.A0.10_en.pdf [UCSURP] T-Engine Forum, Ubiquitous ID Center. " Simplified ucode Resolution Protocol", UID-00005, http://www.uidcenter.org/wp- content/themes/wp.vicuna/pdf/UID-00005-01.A0.01_en.pdf [RFC 2141] Moats, R., "URN Syntax", RFC 2141, May 1997. [RFC3986] Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., and L. Masinter, "Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax", STD 66, RFC3986, January 2005. [RFC5234] Crocker, D., Ed., and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF", STD 68, RFC5234, January 2008. [ITU-T-F771] ITU-T, "Service description and requirements for multimedia information access triggered by tag-based identification", F.771, http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC- F.771-200808-I [ITU-T-H621] ITU-T, "Architecture of a system for multimedia information access triggered by tag-based identification", H.621, http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-H.621-200808-I Chiaki Ishikawa Expires August 20, 2012 [Page 7] INTERNET DRAFT URN Namespace For The ucode February 17, 2012 7.2 Informative References [W3CXML] W3C, "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.1", http://www.w3.org/TR/xml11/ [UIDC] Ubiquitous ID Center. http://www.uidcenter.org/ [TEF] T-Engine Forum. http://www.t-engine.org/ Contributors Ken Sakamura Noboru Koshizuka Katsunori Shindo Tomonori Usaka, and other past and current members of uID architecture group at the University of Tokyo and YRP Ubiquitous Networking Laboratory (YRP UNL). Acknowledgments We would like to thank the members of T-Engine Forum who have built applications using ucode and offered valuable feedback. (Application examples from these members can be found at uidcenter web sites [UIDC], and www.youtube.com: search for "uidcenter" without the quotes.) Authors' Addresses Chiaki Ishikawa YRP Ubiquitous Networking Laboratory 2-20-1, Nishi-Gotanda Shinagawa, Tokyo, 141-0031, JAPAN Tel: +81-3-5437-2270 FAX: +81-3-5437-2271 EMail: firstname.lastname@example.org Chiaki Ishikawa Expires August 20, 2012 [Page 8]